|Main use||Active ingredient||Manufacturer|
|Pain due to osteoarthritis||Diclofenac sodium||Dimethaid|
Pennsaid cutaneous solution contains the active ingredient diclofenac sodium, which is a type of medicine called a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). NSAIDs are used to relieve pain and inflammation.
Diclofenac works by blocking the action of a substance in the body called cyclo-oxygenase (COX). Cyclo-oxygenase is involved in the production of various chemicals in the body, some of which are known as prostaglandins. Prostaglandins are produced by the body in response to injury and certain diseases and conditions, and cause pain, swelling and inflammation. Diclofenac blocks the production of these prostaglandins and is therefore effective at reducing inflammation and pain.
When diclofenac is applied to the skin (topical application) it is absorbed through the skin into the underlying tissues, where it reduces pain and inflammation in the local area.
Pennsaid solution is used to relieve pain associated with osteoarthritis in superficial joints that are close to the skin surface, such as the wrist or knee. There is no data on the use of Pennsaid for large, deep joints covered by layers of muscle or other soft tissues, such as the hip or spine.
The skin over the painful joint should be washed and dried before applying the solution. The number of drops recommended by your doctor should then be applied to the skin and spread evenly over the joint. The diclofenac will be absorbed into the underlying tissues of the joint where it will relieve pain.
This medicine should not be used if you are allergic to one or any of its ingredients. Please inform your doctor or pharmacist if you have previously experienced such an allergy.
If you feel you have experienced an allergic reaction, stop using this medicine and inform your doctor or pharmacist immediately.
Certain medicines should not be used during pregnancy or breastfeeding. However, other medicines may be safely used in pregnancy or breastfeeding providing the benefits to the mother outweigh the risks to the unborn baby. Always inform your doctor if you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy, before using any medicine.
Medicines and their possible side effects can affect individual people in different ways. The following are some of the side effects that are known to be associated with this medicine. Just because a side effect is stated here does not mean that all people using this medicine will experience that or any side effect.
The side effects listed above may not include all of the side effects reported by the medicine's manufacturer.
For more information about any other possible risks associated with this medicine, please read the information provided with the medicine or consult your doctor or pharmacist.
You should not apply any other medicines to the affected joint at the same time as Pennsaid solution.
When it is used on unbroken skin this medicine is unlikely to be absorbed in sufficient amounts to affect other medicines that are being taken by mouth. However, you should tell your doctor or pharmacist what medicines you are already using, including those bought without a prescription and herbal medicines, before using this medicine. Similarly, check with your doctor or pharmacist before using any new medicines while using this one, to ensure that the combination is safe.
|Fenactol||Flamatak MR||Flamrase SR|
|Volsaid retard||Voltarol emulgel||Voltarol emulgel P|
|Voltarol gel patch||Voltarol injection||Voltarol ophtha|
|Voltarol pain-eze emulgel||Voltarol pain-eze tablets||Voltarol rapid tablets|
|Voltarol suppositories||Voltarol tablets|
Diclofenac enteric-coated tablets, sustained-release tablets, suppositories and injection are also available without brand names, ie as the generic medicine.
Last updated 28.10.2008