What are the symptoms?
Symptoms can include occasional heartburn, a taste of bile in the mouth and pains in the stomach.
The symptoms of an upset stomach include occasional
heartburn, a taste of
bile in the mouth and pains in the stoma...
With no definitive treatment for back pain, many people turn to complementary therapies such as yoga.
It can happen walking up a hill, lifting a suitcase or even watching TV. There is a feeling of something going 'click' in the lower part...
Vaginal cones are small weights that can be placed in your
vagina to help you train your pelvic floor muscles.
They were first used by Peattie, Plevnik and Stanton, whose
study showed that you can be trained to use your pelvic floor muscles b...
Electronic devices are used to re-educate and strengthen weak urinary muscles. They produce an electrically stimulated contraction in your pelvic floor and external urethral sphincter.
There are different names for the treatment:
NMES - neuromuscu...
Biofeedback is a technique that gives information about functions that are usually regulated automatically by the body, such as your heart rate or muscle contractions.
A therapist then teaches you how to use this information to control the 'involunta...
Behavioural therapy is basically bladder retraining.
It's used when you’ve fallen into the habit of going to the toilet 'just in case', so your bladder gets used to holding less urine and becomes even more overactive, sending the 'full' signal ...
If other treatments for urinary incontinence have failed, surgery may be considered.
You should have a chance to talk to your surgeon before the procedure.
This is your chance to make sure you understand:
what the surgeon i...
Medicines can help many of the symptoms of urinary incontinence
and night-time leaking.
Anticholinergics are used to treat urge
urinary incontinence (UUI), and they are often used in conjunction with bladder
retraining. They can al...
There are lots of things you can do to help yourself manage
stress urinary incontinence
urge urinary incontinence
Eat plenty of
Drink 2L water a day.
UI can cause problems in many areas of your life.
Urinary incontinence (UI) can have a huge effect on all aspects of your life – on your social life, your working life, your sex life and your mental wellbeing.
Despite its impact,...
Urodynamic investigations are tests that assess the function of
your bladder and the bladder outflow tract (urethra).
During the tests, your bladder is filled and then emptied while
pressure readings are taken from the bladder and the abdomen...
Urinary incontinence (UI) is diagnosed in a number of stages, starting with discussion and examination by your doctor, and then referrals for further tests if your doctor needs to rule out other medical conditions.
Discussion of symptoms
Bladder problems: distressing, embarrassing, and common. Yet one US study found 60 per cent of women with urinary incontinence (UI) had never talked to their doctor about the problem.
UI can be treated, so don’t put up with feeling miserable or...
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI)
It's thought SUI is due to weakness in:
the pelvic floor muscles that support the organs in your pelvis
the sphincter muscle that keeps the bladder outlet closed.
If they are...
What causes lower abdominal or pelvic pain?
Taking note of certain symptoms will help you and your doctor
accurately diagnose the problem, although this can be difficult.
All women will experience pain in the lower abdomen from...
Coping with breast cancer can be traumatic. For women who have undergone surgery to remove a breast, they also face the decision of what to do next. Breast reconstruction surgery involves another major operation, while wearing a prosthesis may not be...
What is vaginal discharge?
Vaginal discharge is the result of secretions produced from
small glands in the lining of the vagina and the cervix.
All women have a little discharge starting a year or two before
puberty and ending after the...
What is thrush?
Most women get a yeast infection at some point in their lives.
Vaginal thrush is a common condition caused by a yeast infection in the vagina and surrounding area.
The infection is usually Candida albicans, but is also known ...
What is polycystic ovary syndrome?
Polycystic (literally, many cysts) ovary syndrome (PCOS or PCO)
is a complex condition that affects the ovaries (the organs in a woman's body
that produce eggs).
It's complex because there are some very...
What is pelvic inflammatory disease?
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection that passes
from the vagina through neck of the womb (cervix), the womb (uterus) and up to
the Fallopian tubes. The ovaries are sometimes also involved.
What is a pelvic examination?
Once the reasons for performing the examination have been
explained, the doctor, nurse or midwife will usually want to examine the cervix
This is performed by passing a speculum into the vagina. The
Each year around 6,800 women in the UK are diagnosed with ovarian cancer.
The good news about ovarian cancer, which affects 6,800 women every year in the UK, is that it's easily treatable – as long as the disease is caught...
What are ovarian cysts?
Most ovarian cysts produce no symptoms and women are unaware of their presence.
A woman's ovaries contain numerous immature eggs some of which mature and develop over the course of a woman's life until the m...
What is mammography?
Mammography is basically an X-ray of the breast.
Mamma is Latin for breast and mammography is a type of breast
X-ray that uses only a limited amount of radiation. It can identify
breast cancer in its
Is it common to have difficulties becoming pregnant?
Many couples believe that it is easy to have a child and are
often surprised when the woman does not fall pregnant as soon as they start
trying for a baby.
The chance of getting pregn...
Our hormones undoubtedly have a huge influence on our
One stereotyped view of women portrays us all as creatures at
the mercy of our hormones. 'Balls (or should it be ovaries?) to that!' I say.
Our hormones undoubtedly have a...
What are haemorrhoids?
Haemorrhoids are small, blood-filled swellings caused by dilated
Initially, they are located just inside the anus (internal haemorrhoids) but
can sometimes protrude (external haemorrhoids). Haemorrhoid...
Fibroids are connective tissue growths that develop from the
muscular wall of the uterus or cervix. They may be found in the wall itself,
under the external lining of the wall, or they can bulge into the cavity of the
Fibroids are ...
What is endometriosis?
Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue (endometrium)
normally lining the womb (or uterus) grows on different organs outside the
If the endometrium grows within the muscular layer of the womb